An extremely powerful and versatile program, JAWS can read text and graphic information on a computer in almost any application, providing both speech and braille output. The software is controlled with keyboard commands that make it possible for a student with blindness to navigate a computer, create and edit documents, and read Web pages.
Teachers can download the program onto school computers, then set it up for a chosen web browser (Firefox or Internet Explorer). The program requires quite a few keyboard commands -- students can use the JAWS training program to learn these as well as some of the program's customizable options. Most students will start out using only the basic commands, adding more as they need the additional power. Most commands use combinations of keystrokes (for example, "Insert + Control + F") to do things like "Move to Next Clickable Element" and "Show Recent Speech History." Other keys offer text narration in a male or female voice, plus the ability to customize the reader's pitch and speed.
For students to fully understand and utilize all that JAWS has to offer will involve a steep learning curve, including memorization of complex sets of simultaneous key commands and customizations. It's likely to take a while for students to master, but this will be time well-spent. Complete computer access and control comes with the promise of a connection to the entire Internet. Having this access (which most of their peers take for granted) is a strong motivator for most kids.
There's excellent technical support available, and JAWS provides a Tandem application in which hands-on help can "remote in" to support the user. Other training options are in a digital format (DAISY) that can be listened to or read. Also, within JAWS, users can customize controls to make it easier to use computer programs. In an increasingly digital world, access like this is critical to help level the playing field for any student with blindness. Once students become skilled in the program's use, they'll be able to access the digital world with the same speed and ability as their sighted peers.
JAWS can help your students achieve the goal of complete independence in accessing resources on a computer and the Internet. For students just getting started, you'll want to pick a very basic subset of commands, such as navigating and listening to a short story that is already on the screen. While students learn, you might consider playing one of JAWS' online audio training options -- include breaks throughout the process to stop and practice.
With so many keystroke combinations to memorize, you'll also want to be very well-versed in the program -- perhaps staying a step ahead of your students. You'll be able to help them pick up new skills without all the frustration of trial and error. It's likely that they'll already be highly motivated to learn the ins and outs of JAWS, but you can continue to encourage students towards fluency, independence, and equity with their peers.
- Develop a personalized plan to help your students learn the program in steps, centered on accessing high-interest information with increasing depth and complexity over time.
- Model out loud for students the process of using a command to achieve a desired result.
- As students progress in their fluency with the program's commands, be sure to communicate with parents about their progress -- a simple spreadsheet with milestones could be a useful way to keep track.